On August 11, 1994 the final game of the 1994 MLB Season was played between the Montreal Expos and the Pittsburgh Pirates. The Pirates were victorious on that day winning by a score of 4-0. Twenty years ago today the history of baseball changed forever. There have been strikes in the game of baseball before but none of them were as damaging to the game as this one.
Here is the short story of what transpired prior to August 11, 1994. The MLB Players Association had been going back and forth with the MLB Oweners for almost one year over a proposed salary cap. The Owners claimed it was necessary to have a salary cap in place for small market teams to survive the current state of MLB. The salary cap combined with local television revenues would sustain the smaller market teams and thus benefit all of MLB. The players were not willing to agree to the terms the owners had set and after numerous negotiations decided as a group to sit out the rest of the season. On top of all of the problems between the two sides there had not been an official commissioner presiding over baseball since 1992. Baseball needed a commissioner that could moderate between the two sides.
The locked gate of a MLB stadium during the 1994 Players Strike. (Getty Images)
On August 12, 1994 The strike officially began and America would not see Major League Baseball action until the strike ended on April 2, 1995. Judge Sonia Sotomayor of the United States District Court for the Southern District, New York, issued an injunction that ended the strike. Judge Sotomayor ruled that the players and owners were bound by the expired collective bargaining agreement until a new deal could be reached. The strike lasted a total of 232 days and reduced the 1995 season to 144 games from the traditional 162 games.
The sight that awaited the players when they returned to the diamond following the 1994 Players Strike. (Getty Images)
Throughout the 1995 MLB Season the fans showed their displeasure with the strike that had tainted the game that they love. Many fans saw it as two greedy side fighting for more money. Fans all over the country showed their disdain for the players in their own ways. Many fans decided not to go to games or buy any MLB merchandise, while other fans decided to show up and let the players know how they felt by throwing objects at them and taunting them. Baseball did not see much gain in popularity until the steroid driven home run fest of the late 1990’s. The “Steroid Era” further damaged the game of baseball when it was made public in the mid 2000’s.
Because of the 1994 MLB Players Strike there was no World Series played that year, it was the first season without a World Series since 1904. There were many casualties of the strike of the 1994 Strike. The most notable were the Montreal Expos who were having their best season in team history and lead baseball with a 74-70 record when the strike ended. The Expos would have likely reached the MLB Playoffs and possibly even the World Series but instead faded into obscurity. The franchise would not reach the post season until the team became the Washington Nationals more than a decade later.
There are many lessons that have been learned from the 1994 Players Strike. The most important of those lessons is that no League can disregard the fans and still profit greatly from them. Many felt the financial impact that the strike had on the game due to raising the fans ire. Baseball was considered America’s most popular sport prior to the strike. It fell behind the NFL in popularity a few years after the strike and has never grabbed its old position back from football since. The game of baseball is a beautiful game but in 1994 it was tainted by greed and the fans were the biggest victims of the dispute between the owners and the players.
Posted in MLB, sports, Sports History
Tagged 11, 12, 144 game, 144 games, 1904, 1994 players strike, 232, anger, august, baseball, commisioner, days, end, ended, fans, game, greed, how many days, judge, lasted, MLB, montreal expos, no, owners, played, players, season, sotomayor, steroid era, team, teams, was a, what date, when did, where, who, world series
In 1947 Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in baseball. It was a historic happening that changed professional sports forever. However Robinson was not the first African-American athlete to break the color barrier in American professional sports.
In 1946 a year before Jackie Robinson made history, four African-Americans became the first to play professional football since the NFL became segregated in 1933. Those four players were Marion Motley, Bill Willis, Woody Strode and Kenny Washington. Both Motley and Willis signed with the Cleveland Browns who played in the All-American Football Conference. While Strode and Washington were signed by the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League. Those four Men all made history that year but one man’s carrier would stand out more than all of the others, that man was Marion Motley.
Marion Motley (Getty Images)
Marion Motley was born in 1920 in Leesburg, GA. He grew up in Canton, Oh and was an excellent High School football player. He would play his college career as a Full Back at the South Carolina State and the University of Nevada, Reno. He entered the US Navy in 1944 during World War II before beginning his professional carrier with the Cleveland Browns.
Marion Motley stood at 6’1” and weighed 240 pounds in his prime. Regarded as the first real power back in the NFL Motley punished opposing defenses, pummeling any defender that got in his way. Many who played during his time have regarded Motley as being the best football player they have ever seen. It has also been said that he was an even better player than the Hall Of Fame running back Jim Brown. Like brown he was an excellent back that could push for extra yards but he could block better than Brown, these skills made him a complete player.
Marion Motley played a total of 9 seasons from 1946-1955. During this time he amassed 4,720 rushing yards and 31 touchdowns. As a receiver he had 1,107 yards and caught 7 touchdown passes. Motley was a 1950 Pro Bowler as well as a champion with the legendary Cleveland Brown’s teams of 1946-1950. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall Of Fame in 1968, forever immortalized in his home of Canton,OH.
Marion Motley was one of the greatest football players of his era and quite possibly of all time. He endured the same hate and discrimination as Jackie Robinson and was able to prove that he belong with the best. He is a true American Hero and should be known and remembered by all sports fans.
Posted in NFL, sports, Sports History
Tagged african american, america, Bill Willis, black, canton, cleveland browns, color barrier, first, first players, football, full back, hall of fame, jim brown, Kenny Washington, los angeles rams, Marion Motley, nevada, ohio, power back, teams, were, what team, who, Woody Strode
The National Football League’s 48th season began on September 17th, 1967. It was the first season in the history of the NFL to have a playoff after the regular season had ended. The previous 34 seasons had only included one post season game which was the championship game consisting of two teams with the best record (the NFL champion was the team with the best record during the first 12 seasons of the NFL). The NFL expanded to 16 teams with the newest being the New Orleans Saints. This allowed for a post season that included a four team playoff for the championship. The 1967 season paved the way for the current 12 team playoff structure.
The first game of the playoffs took place on December 23 and pitted the Los Angeles Rams against Vince Lombardi’s Green Bay Packers. The game was played at County Stadium in Milwaukee, WI. The Rams drew first blood with the first touchdown of the game but would give up four consecutive touchdowns before the game was finished. The Packers would win by a score of 28-7. With that win the Packers were on their way to the NFL Championship Game.
The second playoff game took place at the Cotton bowl in Dalls, TX on December 24th. The teams competing for a trip to the NFL Championship game were the Cleveland Browns and the Dallas Cowboys. The Cowboys won the game in blowout fashion with the final score being 52-17. With that win the Cowboys would advance to what would become one of the greatest games in NFL history.
The Packers Bart Starr’s game winning QB sneak to win the “Ice Bowl” (Getty Images)
The NFL Championship Game was held at Lambeau Field in Green Bay, WI on December 31st. The game was dubbed “The Ice Bowl” due to its game time temperature of -15 F, the wind chill was -48 F. The Cowboys took on the Packers in this epic contest. This game was a brutal and very close game that went into halftime with the Packers leading 14-10. The Cowboys took the 17-14 lead with a 50-yard touchdown pass by running back Dan Reeves to wide receiver Lance Renzel in the 4th quarter. But the biggest play of the game would be one of it last plays. With just 4:50 remaining in the game the Packers quarterback Bart Starr led his team down the field, Starr would be the man that won the game for the Packers when he ran the ball into the end zone with just seconds remaining on the clock. The final score was Packers 21 and the Cowboys 17. To this day it is considered by many the greatest game and from what the players endured and the result on the field there is no arguing that.
The Packers would not only go down in history that year for winning the first ever NFL Playoffs but would also win another important game in their history. Two weeks after the NFL Championship game the Packers played the American Football League Champions the Oakland Raiders in Super Bowl II. The Packers would be the victor in that contest as well and continued what is viewed now as a “Dynasty Team”.
The NFL took an important step in their history in 1967. A step that has lead to some of the most iconic games in the sports history. Who know the next great NFL Playoff game might be the next.
Posted in NFL, sports, Sports History
Tagged 16, 1967, 1968, 2, afl, bart starr, browns, championship, cleveland, cotton bowl, county stadium, dallas cowboys, Dan Reeves, expanded, expansion, first, greatest game, green bay packers, hall of fame, HOF, ice bowl, II, LA, lambeau field, Lance Renzel, los angeles, new orleans saints, NFL, playoff, playoffs, rams, season, super bowl, teams, texas, winner
In 1957, ten years after the Brooklyn Dodgers helped Jackie Robinson break the color barrier in the Major Leagues, they had their 67th and final season in New York. The Dodgers, just two years removed from their first World Series Championship, were seeking another title. Meanwhile, their team President, Walter O’Malley, was seeking a new stadium in the same borough the team had occupied since the last part of the 19th Century.
Ebbets Filed in Brooklyn, NY (Getty Images)
The once great Ebbets Field, which the team had called home since 1913, was not a suitable ballpark anymore. The stadium did not have enough seating to produce the amount of revenue a Major League team needed. There was also little to no vehicle parking around the stadium. This frustrated O’Malley, who was seeking a new privately funded stadium in the Atlantic Yards section of Brooklyn. This plan was shot down by New York City Building Commissioner Robert Moses. Instead, Moses proposed a new stadium in Flushing Meadows, which is in the borough of Queens. That site would later be home to Shea Stadium and currently, Citi Field. O’Malley refused the offer from Moses and sought another location for his team.
Former Dodgers President Walter O’Malley. (Getty Images)
While O’Malley was battling Moses over stadium plans, the season continued. The Dodgers finished their final season with a record of 84 wins and 70 losses. The team finished in third place in the National League. Centerfielder Duke Snider was the bright spot for the Dodgers in the 1957 season. Snider batted .274 with 40 home runs and 92 RBIs. He also hit his 300th career home run on July 20th.
While the city of New York was not willing to accommodate the Dodgers, the city of Los Angeles was more than willing to be their new home. Los Angeles was offering O’Malley everything he wanted, a new Stadium with ample seating and more parking space than the Dodgers would ever need. The most important part of the offer was a city with leaders who were willing to work with the franchise to make them happy. Before the season was complete, it was official; the Dodgers were moving to California.
The Dodgers won their final game at Ebbets Field on September 24th. The Dodgers had many seasons where they did not enter the postseason. This season was different, and the fans could no longer look forward to next season. It was over and the city’s beloved team in blue was history. The loss of the Dodgers crushed Brooklyn’s heart when they left for Los Angeles and the city has never been the same since.
Brooklyn baseball fans vilified O’Malley for moving the team. Many of those fans did not know the politics of the move. Many years later, it became more clear that the city of New York did not help O’Malley keep the team in Brooklyn. O’Malley tried his hardest but it just was not enough, and he had to do what was best for the franchise. It has been 65 years since the Dodgers called Brooklyn home, but all of the old fans that grew up with them still consider the Dodgers their home team.
Posted in MLB, sports
Tagged 1913, 1957, american, atlantic parks, ballpark, baseball, battle, brooklyn, building commisioner, citi field, city, dodgers, duke snider, ebbets field, final, first season, flushing meadows, fund, funded, great, history, jackie robinson, last, leagues, los angeles, major league, manager, mayor, money, national league, new york city, privately, robert moses, season, section, shea stadium, stadium, tax payers, team, teams, walter o'malley